Murphy Tx Gum Disease Treatment and Periodontal Therapy
Gum disease (periodontal disease) presents potentially scary complications – from bone loss and loosening teeth, to playing a hand in heart conditions. But gum disease can be prevented or managed to limit these side-effects from having a negative impact on your overall wellness and oral health. Dr. Jeff Anshu Jain helps her patients enjoy the benefits of excellent gum health with periodontal therapy for gum disease prevention and treatment at her office in Murphy, TX.
Who Is At Risk for Gum Disease?
Anyone can develop signs of gum disease through poor dental health habits, but those who are at a higher risk for periodontal problems are
- smokers, or
- Those who have health conditions, like diabetes.
- Even getting older or simply having a genetic pre-disposition to gum problems can lead to development of gum disease symptoms.
- chronic dry mouth caused by hormonal changes or by taking drugs for certain medical conditions, which create the right environment for periodontal disease.
The good news is that with help from our Murphy, Tx dentist, Dr Anshu Jain, and a commitment to good at-home dental care, you can enjoy renewed oral health.
These procedures vary in cost, complexity, and results. It is important to discuss your options with your dentist to determine the best procedure for you. The condition of your teeth is a major factor in finding a treatment, and the same technique that worked for someone else may not be the right one for you.
When it comes to preventing gum disease, brushing, flossing, and keeping your routine dental appointments are essential. Gum disease is caused by the collection of bad bacteria and debris that forms plaque on and around your teeth. When plaque isn’t cleaned daily with good brushing and flossing techniques, it begins to build-up under the gum line and forms into tartar – a hard substance that can negatively affect tooth enamel Dr. Jain and her team help patients avoid the formation of tartar and pockets of bacteria below the gum line with routine dental cleanings and effective patient education. We educate our patients with proper dental hygiene habits to keep their teeth clean between appointments to avoid oral health complications.
A good professional cleaning is necessary to remove the tartar from your mouth and underneath your gums. If your periodontal disease is bad, you may need to follow up your brushing and flossing with antibacterial mouthrinse. You may even need to use an antibacterial gel or start on oral antibiotics to help to get rid of the disease. Sometimes surgery is necessary to help with the deep pockets of infection.
Seeing Signs of Gum Disease? Dr Anshu Jain, Our Murphy, Tx Dentist Can Help!
If you’ve begun to notice that your gums are puffy, tender, and prone to bleeding, or if you have a persistent bad odor or taste in your mouth, contact our office as soon as possible for care. The sooner you seek treatment for gum disease, the greater the likelihood that you can limit the negative effect on your health.
We present patients with non-surgical and surgical options for gum care, depending on their needs, which include:
- Deep cleanings (removal of debris below the gum line)
- Pocket reduction surgery
- Gum grafting
- Home care maintenance programs (patient education)
These treatments are designed to treat the cause of the condition and correct side-effects, such as the formation of pockets of infection below the gum line and recessed soft tissue.
Don’t Put-Off Gum Care – Contact Our Office Today!
We’re committed to your oral health and wellness. If you have questions about gum disease or how we can help treat periodontitis, please call the Murphy, Tx, TX dental office of Dr Anshu Jain today for your consultation.
Periodontal Disease DiagnosisPeriodontal disease is diagnosed by your dentist or dental hygienist during a periodontal examination. This type of exam should always be part of your regular dental check-up.
A periodontal probe (small dental instrument) is gently used to measure the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and the gums. The depth of a healthy sulcus measures three millimeters or less and does not bleed. The periodontal probe helps indicate if pockets are deeper than three millimeters. As periodontal disease progresses, the pockets usually get deeper.
Your dentist or hygienist will use pocket depths, amount of bleeding, inflammation, tooth mobility, etc., to make a diagnosis that will fall into a category below:
GingivitisGingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease. Plaque and its toxin by-products irritate the gums, making them tender, inflamed, and likely to bleed.
PeriodontitisPlaque hardens into calculus (tartar). As calculus and plaque continue to build up, the gums begin to recede from the teeth. Deeper pockets form between the gums and teeth and become filled with bacteria and pus. The gums become very irritated, inflamed, and bleed easily. Slight to moderate bone loss may be present.
Advanced PeriodontitisThe teeth lose more support as the gums, bone, and periodontal ligament continue to be destroyed. Unless treated, the affected teeth will become very loose and may be lost. Generalized moderate to severe bone loss may be present.
Periodontal Disease TreatmentPeriodontal treatment methods depend upon the type and severity of the disease. Your dentist and dental hygienist will evaluate for periodontal disease and recommend the appropriate treatment.
Periodontal disease progresses as the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and gums gets filled with bacteria, plaque, and tartar, causing irritation to the surrounding tissues. When these irritants remain in the pocket space, they can cause damage to the gums and eventually, the bone that supports the teeth!
If the disease is caught in the early stages of gingivitis, and no damage has been done, one to two regular cleanings will be recommended. You will also be given instructions on improving your daily oral hygiene habits and having regular dental cleanings.
If the disease has progressed to more advanced stages, a special periodontal cleaning called scaling and root planing (deep cleaning) will be recommended. It is usually done one quadrant of the mouth at a time while the area is numb. In this procedure, tartar, plaque, and toxins are removed from above and below the gum line (scaling) and rough spots on root surfaces are made smooth (planing). This procedure helps gum tissue to heal and pockets to shrink. Medications, special medicated mouth rinses, and an electric tooth brush may be recommended to help control infection and healing.
If the pockets do not heal after scaling and root planing, periodontal surgery may be needed to reduce pocket depths, making teeth easier to clean. Your dentist may also recommend that you see a periodontist (specialist of the gums and supporting bone).
MaintenanceIt only takes twenty four hours for plaque that is not removed from your teeth to turn into calculus (tartar)! Daily home cleaning helps control plaque and tartar formation, but those hard to reach areas will always need special attention.
Once your periodontal treatment has been completed, your dentist and dental hygienist will recommend that you have regular maintenance cleanings (periodontal cleanings), usually four times a year. At these cleaning appointments, the pocket depths will be carefully checked to ensure that they are healthy. Plaque and calculus that is difficult for you to remove on a daily basis will be removed from above and below the gum line.
In addition to your periodontal cleaning and evaluation, your appointment will usually include:
- Examination of diagnostic x-rays (radiographs): Essential for detection of decay, tumors, cysts, and bone loss.X-rays also help determine tooth and root positions.
- Examination of existing restorations: Check current fillings, crowns, etc.
- Examination of tooth decay: Check all tooth surfaces for decay.
- Oral cancer screening: Check the face, neck, lips, tongue, throat, cheek tissues, and gums for any signs of oral cancer.
- Oral hygiene recommendations: Review and recommend oral hygiene aids as needed. (Electric toothbrushes, special periodontal brushes, fluorides, rinses, etc.)
- Teeth polishing: Remove stain and plaque that is not otherwise removed during tooth brushing and scaling.
- Good oral hygiene practices and periodontal cleanings are essential in maintaining dental health and keeping periodontal disease under control!
Common cofactors associated with periodontal disease:
DiabetesA research study has shown that individuals with pre-existing diabetic conditions are more likely to eithis have, or be more susceptible to periodontal disease. Periodontal disease can increase blood sugar levels which makes controlling the amount of glucose in the blood difficult. This factor alone can increase the risk of serious diabetic complications. Conversely, diabetes thickens blood vessels and therefore makes it harder for the mouth to rid itself of excess sugar. Excess sugar in the mouth creates a breeding ground for the types of oral bacteria that cause gum disease.
Heart DiseaseThere are several theories which explain the link between heart disease and periodontitis. One such theory is that the oral bacteria strains which exacerbate periodontal disease attach themselves to the coronary arteries when they enter the bloodstream. This in turn contributes to both blood clot formation and the narrowing of the coronary arteries, possibly leading to a heart attack.
A second possibility is that the inflammation caused by periodontal disease causes a significant plaque build up. This can swell the arteries and worsen pre-existing heart conditions. An article published by the American Academy of Periodontology suggests that patients whose bodies react to periodontal bacteria have an increased risk of developing heart disease.
Pregnancy ComplicationsWomen in general are at increased risk of developing periodontal disease because of hormone fluctuations that occur during puberty, pregnancy and menopause. Research suggests that pregnant women suffering from periodontal disease are more at risk of preeclampsia and delivering underweight, premature babies.
Periodontitis increases levels of prostaglandin, which is one of the labor-inducing chemicals. Elevated levels prostaglandin may trigger premature labor, and increase the chances of delivering an underweight baby. Periodontal disease also elevates C-reactive proteins (which have previously been linked to heart disease). Heightened levels of these proteins can amplify the inflammatory response of the body and increase the chances of preeclampsia and low birth weight babies.
Respiratory DiseaseOral bacterium linked with gum disease has been shown to possibly cause or worsen conditions such as emphysema, pneumonia and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Oral bacteria can be drawn into the lower respiratory tract during the course of normal inhalation and colonize, causing bacterial infections. Studies have shown that the repeated infections which characterize COPD may be linked with periodontitis.
In addition to the bacterial risk, inflammation in gum tissue can lead to severe inflammation in the lining of the lungs, which aggravates pneumonia. Individuals who suffer from chronic or persistent respiratory issues generally have low immunity. This means that bacteria can readily colonize beneath the gum line unchallenged by body’s immune system.
If you have questions or concerns about periodontal disease and the mouth-body connection, please contact our office. We care about your overall health and your smile!
Dr. Jain believes getting dental treatment should be as comfortable as possible. If you have anxiety or a phobia about visiting the dentist, Dr. Jain offers options for sedation dentistry from her Murphy dental office. Together, you and Dr. Jain will come up with the best option for your care, so you can experience relaxing treatment and improved oral health.